The focus of this book is on the West Nordic linguistic area: Norway, the Faroes and Iceland, at different stages in their history. In the Middle Ages these countries were the home of the Old Norse literary language in which the Icelandic sagas were written, and for a while Greenland and the Scottish Isles were included in the domain. This cultural union collapsed around 1400. The articles are based on lectures given at a symposium in Stockholm on October 7th 2001, supported by a generous grant from the Vera och Greta Oldbergs stiftelse. Scholars from Iceland, the Faroes, Sweden, Norway, Germany and England discussed standardisation and variation from a general perspective and described in some detail aspects of the linguistic situation in the West Nordic area, from the Viking age to the present time.Arnason, Kristjan is the author of 'Utnordur Western Nordic Standardisation and Variation', published 2004 under ISBN 9789979545460 and ISBN 9979545461.