This Monograph is the result of a set of analyses commissioned & funded jointly by Federal & State agencies. The Introduction was written by C. Tracy Orleans, sr. scientist & sr. program officer at the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation based on her comments at a symposium at the Soc. for Research on Nicotine & Tobacco (SRNT) 8th Annual Meeting held on Feb. 20, 2002, in Savannah, GA. At this symposium, entitled Hardening the Target: Are Smokers Less Likely to Quit Now Than in the Past?,Ó authors of several chapters of this monograph participated in a discussion of the scientific evidence, & Dr. Orleans served as the discussant. Ch. 2 is based on data available as of Feb. 2002. Charts & tables.Ruppert, William is the author of 'Those Who Continue To Smoke Is Achieving Abstinence Harder And Do We Need To Change Our Interventions?', published 2004 under ISBN 9780756740269 and ISBN 0756740266.