Here is a textbook that not only gives you step-by-step protocols for executing therapeutic modalities, it also provides the knowledge needed to evaluate and select the most appropriate modality. All major modalities used to treat orthopedic injury and pain are covered, from electrotherapy to therapeutic heat and cold to therapeutic massage. Two of the world's most prominent therapeutic modality scientists share their thoughts and observations gained from more than 60 combined years of experience researching, teaching, and using therapeutic modalities. Thus, their advice concerning the how, when, and why of therapeutic modalities is based on personal observations and experience. Plus, they have filled the text with a host of learning aids and exercises to help you quickly grasp concepts and put your skills into practice. Features that Make Learning Easy: Five-step application procedure templates streamline how youorganize the information needed to apply a modality. Final chapter of case studies asks you to apply all that you've learned by choosing specific modalities to meet particular patient needs. Modality myths present common misunderstandings and then set the record straight. Chapter reflections help you move beyond rote memorization to deepen your understanding of each chapter. Enhance your learning! The accompanying Clinical Activities manual offers 18 discovery activities and 16 modality application proficiency activities to help you apply new concepts and skills. This is the resource to help you evaluate therapeutic modalities and determine how each one can be used most effectively. You will turn to it for years to come.Knight, Andrew is the author of 'Therapeutic Modalities The Art And Science', published 2007 under ISBN 9780781793193 and ISBN 078179319X.