Howard Abadinsky was an inspector for the Cook County Sheriff's Office for eight years and a New York State parole officer and senior parole officer for 15 years. The author holds a B.A. from Queens College of the City University of New York, an M.S.W. from Fordham University, and a Ph.D. from New York University. He is the author of several books, including PROBATION AND PAROLE, Eighth Edition, ORGANIZED CRIME, Seventh Edition, and LAW AND JUSTICE, Fifth Edition.Abadinsky, Howard is the author of 'Organized Crime ', published 2006 under ISBN 9780495092131 and ISBN 0495092134.